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Puerto Maldonado Yellow Fever

Puerto Maldonado Yellow Fever

Yellow fever: Although vaccination against yellow fever is not officially required to travel to Peru, it is known that the disease is present in the jungle and vaccines are recommended for those who travel to all tropical forest destinations in South America, America Central and the Caribbean. Those who seek vaccination before the trip should remember to receive their vaccination at least 10 days before their arrival in the jungle. Those who are already vaccinated should remember that they will need a “booster” vaccine every ten years.

Yellow fever is a viral infection that occurs in Africa and South America. Most people begin to develop immunity within ten days and 99% are protected within a month of vaccination, and this seems to be for life

The World Health Organization recommends routine immunization in all countries where the disease is common.

Mild side effects may include a headache, muscle aches, pain at the injection site, fever and rash. It should not be administered to people with very poor immune function.

The yellow fever vaccine came into use in 1938. Some countries require a vaccination certificate against yellow fever before entering from a country where the disease is common, which is not the case in Peru.

Puerto Maldonado Elevation

Puerto maldonado elevation

Elevation of Puerto Maldonado 183 meters above sea level (600.39 feet).
Center: -12.5909084 -69.1963141

Borders: -12.6619451 -69.2704296 -12.5491180 -69.1524124

Puerto Maldonado is a city in southeastern Peru, in the Amazon jungle 55 kilometers (34 miles) west of the Bolivian border; located at the confluence of the Tambopata and Madre de Dios rivers, the last of which joins the Madeira River as a tributary of the Amazon. It is the capital of the Madre de Dios region.

Nearby are the Manú National Park, the Tambopata National Reserve and the Bahuaja-Sonene National Park, which have been established to protect natural resources. These are some of the most pristine primary rainforests in the world. They include several places with clay, where hundreds of birds, including macaws, feed on these minerals.

Visibly flourishing from its connection with the outside world, Puerto Maldonado, capital of the southern jungle, has an increasingly intelligent brightness in the chaos of its central streets, full of moto taxis (three-wheeled taxis).

The city’s proximity to the animal-rich jungle more easily visited throughout the Amazon basin is its blessing, travelers arrive, but they quickly go to hostels where wildlife is found in the nearby rivers.

However, the languid and relaxed atmosphere of Puerto Maldonado invites you to stay with its suffocating and warm climate, its beautiful plaza, flourishing lodging options and lively nightlife provide enough reason to spend some time.

However, it remains of vital importance for travelers, as a starting point to travel to Rios Tambopata and Madre de Dios, converging here: wonderful aquatic lands that offer the most accessible primary jungle sites in the country.

Tambopata Natural Reserve Description and Facts

Tambopata Natural Reserve

The Tambopata National Reserve, also known as Tambopata – Zona Reservada de Candamo, is a natural reserve in the Amazon jungle. It is located in the region of Madre de Dios, in southeastern Peru, near the border with Bolivia and with relatively easy access from Cusco and Machu Picchu. The closest city is Puerto Maldonado.

The reserve covers an area of 274,690 hectares (1061 square miles) that stretches from the Andes mountains to Bolivia and borders the Bahuaja Sonene National Park. It is also close to the Manú National Park and the Madidi National Park in Bolivia.

The reserve is one of the most biologically diverse areas in the world and the Peruvian government has officially recognized it as the country’s Biodiversity Capital.

According to current estimates by conservationists, the area is home to 160 species of mammals and at least 650 species of birds. Other studies also report 1,250 species of butterflies, more than 155 species of amphibians and reptiles and about 110 species of fish, as well as more than 10,000 species of plants.

These include healthy populations of endangered species, such as the giant river otter, the jaguar, the tapir, white-lipped peccary, four of the six species of alligator, as well as the giant anteater, giant armadillo, Yaguarundí, harpy eagle, the turtle with the side neck stained yellow and even the dog with small ears, the deer of the pampas and the wolf with mane, among others.

The reserve also provides habitats for eight different species of monkeys, including those that are easy to see or hear, such as the red howler monkey.

It is believed that particularly high levels of biodiversity are due to various geographic factors that make Tambopata unique:

It is located in a transitional area between tropical and subtropical rainforest.
The altitudes range between 200 m and 2,000 m (the Tambopata River reaches the Andes).
The rapid temperature changes caused by annual cold fronts “friajes” coming from the south.
The Reserve contains two islands of savannas (grasslands) called “Pampas del Heath”, which are among the last well preserved that exist in the Amazon.

Creation of the Tambopata National Reserve
From 1990, several biologists and conservationists began to investigate to protect the Tambopata area from development. They were passionate about the preservation of this area, because it is one of the last remaining and most extensive areas of the pristine jungle. Specifically, Tambopata is one of the few areas that contains foothills, cloud forests, lowlands and also connects with wet savannas. And the most important thing is that very few people lived in the most remote areas of Tambopata. The region could act as an important corridor between the Manu National Park and the Madidi jungles in Bolivia. The area also hosts populations of tapirs, jaguars and other felines, giant otters, harpy eagles, many types of macaws and several animals that had disappeared from other parts of the Amazon.

At first, the area that includes the current Tambopata National Reserve and the nearby Bahuaja Sonene National Park was known as the “Tambopata-Candamo Reserved Zone,” a former form of protection. The state left an open window for changes in land use, so the area was still at risk. To help give the area a more permanent state of protection, conservation organizations carried out more studies, which showed that the protection of the region was of vital importance for biodiversity. These studies helped to change the status of “reserved zone” to “Tambopata national reserve”, a more official and permanent protection.

Clay Licks – Collpas
Located in several places of the reserve, which attract birds and mammals. The best known is the Collpa de Guacamayos of “chuncho”, where different species of birds arrive after sunrise to enjoy mineral salts. Macaws, parrots and green, blue, red and yellow parakeets fly by the hundreds, creating a colorful and cacophonous spectacle that is truly a marvel to behold. Visiting a clay clay lick is an impressive excursion, it is worth observing this natural wonder.
Towers and bridges in the trees in Tambopata. (canopy walk way).
It is one thing to explore the jungle from the ground, where the trees stand like cathedrals wrapped in lush vegetation. It is a totally different world at the level of the canopy, from 25 to 40 meters above the ground, with an infinite forest that stretches before your eyes like a lush green sea. Fruits and flowers attract birds and small animals, which nest at these levels to keep themselves safe from larger predators. The monkeys jump from branch to branch, leaving a green whisper in their wake.

Lake Sandoval Peru – Travel information

Lake Sandoval Peru

Sandoval Lake

The location of the lake, in the Tambopata region offers the great opportunity to observe the giant otters. Located in the Tambopata National Reserve, rich in wildlife. With the variety of fauna of the lake and the forest.

Lake Sandoval is a lake shaped like a half moon or a horseshoe, formed generations ago by the changing waters of the Madre de Dios River (meanders), and is considered by specialists in the jungle as the best and most attractive lake in the world. Peruvian jungle. This particular ox-bow lake has one of the largest and most accessible populations of giant otters in danger of extinction in Peru, the huge black caiman and the 10-foot-long paiche, the largest freshwater fish in the world. Once widespread throughout South America, the giant otter was hunted almost to extinction and is now one of the most vulnerable mammals on the continent. However, Lake Sandoval has a prosperous and healthy population, tourists have the opportunity to see these powerful predators while they feed themselves fishing and have fun in the lake, as well as a lot of colorful birds.

Ox-bow lake.

An oxbow lake (like the Sandoval) is a U-shaped lake that forms when a broad meander is cut from the main stem of a river, creating an independent body of water. This form of relief is so called because of its distinctive curved shape, which resembles a half-moon arch or a horseshoe. In Australia, an ox-bow lake is called billabong,

The word “ox-bow” can also refer to a U-shaped curve in a river or stream, whether or not it is separated from the mainstream.

When a river creates a meander, a lake is formed in the form of a horseshoe because the river erodes the bank. After a long period of time, the meander becomes very curved, and finally the neck of the meander narrows and the river crosses the neck during a flood, cutting the meander and forming an ox-bow lake.

When a river reaches a low plain, often in its final course towards the sea or a lake, it meanders widely.

The continuous deposition on the convex shore and the erosion of the concave bank of a serpentine river cause the formation of a very pronounced meander with two concave banks getting closer and closer. The narrow neck of land between the two neighboring concave banks is finally cut, either by the lateral erosion of the two concave banks or by the strong currents of a flood. When this happens, a new straight river channel is developed, and an abandoned meander cycle, called the cut point, is formed. When the deposition finally seals the cutoff point of the river channel, an ox-bow lake is formed. This process can occur over a period of a few years to several decades, and can sometimes become essentially static.

The flood plains of rivers that contain rivers with a very sinuous platform are populated by lakes longer than those with low sinuosity.

Puerto Maldonado and Tourism in Amazon Rainforest

Puerto Maldonado and Tourism

Puerto Maldonado: entrance door to the Peruvian Amazon

On the banks of the confluence between the Madre de Dios River and the Tambopata River is the large gate of the central jungle, Puerto Maldonado. Founded in 1902 by First Commissioner Juan Villalta, Puerto Maldonado holds the title of Capital of Biodiversity of Peru.

It is also known for being the final destination of the “Ruta del Gringo” when the visitor arriving in Peru has just over two weeks on a journey that usually begins in Lima, passing through Ica- Paracas-Nazca-Colca-Arequipa- Puno-Cusco- and ends in Puerto Maldonado.

In the past, the economy of Puerto Maldonado consisted of exporting rubber, wood and oil. However, in recent years eco-tourism has positioned itself among one of the largest inflows of money in the region, together with the extraction of Amazonian Brazil nut (also known as Brazil nut).

It is one of the obligatory stops when you go sightseeing in the jungle, besides being the ideal place to disconnect from the chaos of civilization and surrender completely to the wonders of nature.

Ecotourism could help the Amazon reduce deforestation and manage climate change
Responsible ecotourism could help reduce deforestation and help protect one of every 10 species in the world.

Responsible tourism could be a successful way to involve local communities that currently depend on slash and burn agriculture by offering an alternative livelihood.

Ecotourism is little practiced in the Amazon, partly because of the expenses, but also due to the lack of information on places where implementation is possible.

When carried out in an ecologically correct manner, ecotourism is a low-impact environmental activity that contributes to the maintenance of natural species and habitats. It also promotes the value of culture and involves local communities.

Deforestation is by far the most dangerous threat to the Amazon, home to one in 10 known species on Earth.

Human settlements and agriculture drive people to cut and burn hectares of precious trees, causing the loss of habitat of hundreds of species and contributing to massive CO2 emissions.

The Amazon is a victim and a villain of climate change, and scientists warn that a peak of 2 degrees C in temperatures will severely damage the vast forests; and an increase of 4 degrees C would kill him effectively.

In many other countries, such as Madagascar, responsibly managed tourism sites are already producing good results and help reduce the rate of deforestation.

Reducing deforestation is also, according to scientists, one of the cheapest ways to combat climate change.

The remote location of many beautiful and interesting places in the Amazon, some of which are very difficult to access, together with the lack of transportation and communication, have prevented the development of tourism potential in this region to date.
Edwin Medina L.

Travel Amazon River Journey from Real Adventurers


Travel the Amazon for real Adventurers

One of the dreams of adventurous people who like nature will be identified with the great adventure that was completed a few years ago by former Englishman Ed Stafford, who is the first man to walk along the Amazon River since his birth in the Andes Peruvians until its mouth in the Brazilian Atlantic coast. Approximately 6,500 kilometers of route. The 34-year-old adventurer escaped unscathed from his encounters with the Indians, but on his 859-day trek (almost two and a half years) he encountered many threats, such as jaguars. poisonous snakes, killer bees, caimans, eels, piranhas, etc.

According to the Guinness Book of Records, he is the most important adventurer in the world. “As if the distance was not a sufficient challenge, he resisted the jungle, the insects, the snakes, the waterlogging, the insecurity of not knowing what was ahead and other conditions that would have frightened the most daring of the explorers.”

The intention of his adventure was to the end, “create such an exciting feat” that it made people feel part of the Amazon. Also collect funds for the protection of the environment, the fight against cancer, the rights of children.

The purpose at first seemed crazy, but it started when he found the birth of the Amazon in the snow-capped Mismi in Arequipa Peru and knew the challenge that lay ahead.

Stafford then placed a classified ad on his website by which he requested a companion who loved nature, was not afraid of snakes or guerrilla groups and was willing to walk exhausting distances without asking. It was then that Gadiel Sánchez Rivera arrived, a Peruvian farmer, knowing as few of the Amazonian forest, who accompanied him until the end of the trip.

The adventurer and his assistant usually got up around six in the morning. While he checked if there were fish in the net that were left in the river during the night, Gadiel heated the food. After picking up the canvas hammocks with mosquito netting, they began the journey again. They only spoke when the day ended. They had lunch for breakfast, and in the evening they brought coffee with the canned beans, rice, or the less conventional foods they got on the way, like the head of a raccoon-like animal that Stafford still does not know what it’s called .

The plans that the former military officer had at first proved useless. Several times he spent weeks looking for a man to show him the way to the nearest village. Stafford remembers that, in mid-2009, he and ‘Cho’ only ate palm hearts and piranhas, so they lost a lot of weight.

With the passage of time, the days were routine until something unusual drew the explorers from this practice. One of his most exciting adventures came when they entered territories of the Ashaninca ethnic group. “The scenario was terrifying: there were men and women standing in canoes holding rifles, machetes or bows and arrows. I was sure they were going to kill us. ”

After a long discussion in the indigenous village to which they were transported, the leader of the tribe decided to release them on the sole condition that they should take him and his brother as guides for their territories. The kidnapping ended in a strong friendship with the captors, who helped the indigenous community, because with the money that the companions received for the job of guiding them they bought an engine for their boat.

Ed Stafford came to his home in Leicestershire and began to do everything he had longed for in the jungle: meet his nephew, eat curry, drink a cold beer and play a rugby match with his friends. With his arrival in England he began with another difficult challenge: readjusting to the urban civilization full of people and concrete.