runs through territories of the Bahuaja Sonene National Park and the Tambopata National Reserve, two of the main natural protected areas most important in the country. Its length approx. is 402 Km., was born in the department of Puno with the name of rio Chicayllane, product of the thaw of the snowy Shalluyo, following its course takes the name of Tambopata. It was known as Bahuaja or sacred river by the Ese’eja ethnicity, but its present name derives from two Quechua words: Tambo=rest house and Pata=site high. During the colonization, the Tambopata river was the only income to the area by their margins were settled quickly, even more when they found gold.